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Le Corbusier

Le Corbusier

Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris, who was better known as Le Corbusier  (October 6, 1887 – August 27, 1965), was a Swiss-born French architect who belonged to the first generation of the so-called International school of architecture. He was an architect, designer, painter, urban planner, writer, and one of the pioneers of what is now called modern architecture. His career spanned five decades, with his buildings constructed throughout Europe, India, and the Americas.  Dedicated to providing better living conditions for the residents of crowded cities, Le Corbusier was influential in urbvan planning , and was a founding member of the Congrès international...

Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris, who was better known as Le Corbusier  (October 6, 1887 – August 27, 1965), was a Swiss-born French architect who belonged to the first generation of the so-called International school of architecture. He was an architect, designer, painter, urban planner, writer, and one of the pioneers of what is now called modern architecture. His career spanned five decades, with his buildings constructed throughout Europe, India, and the Americas.  Dedicated to providing better living conditions for the residents of crowded cities, Le Corbusier was influential in urbvan planning , and was a founding member of the Congrès international d'architecure moderne  (CIAM). Corbusier prepared the master plan for the city of Chandigarh in India and contributed specific designs for several buildings there. In his architecture, he chiefly built with steel and reinforced concrete and worked with elemental geometric forms. Le Corbusier's painting emphasized clear forms and structures, which corresponded to his architecture.

Le Corbusier’s social ideals and structural design theories became a reality. In 1925-1926, he built a workers’ city of 40 houses in the style of the Citrohan house at Pessac, near Bordeaux. Unfortunately, the chosen design and colors provoked hostility on the part of authorities, who refused to route the public water supply to the complex, and for six years the buildings sat uninhabited. In the 1930s, Le Corbusier reformulated his theories on urbanism, publishing them in La Ville radieuse (The Radiant City) in 1935. The most apparent distinction between the Contemporary City and the Radiant City is that the latter abandoned the class-based system of the former, with housing now assigned according to family size, not economic position.

 


Country: France

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